Commit 53355314 authored by Matija Obreza's avatar Matija Obreza
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parent 8a8f0dfe
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Date: 26 August 2016
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# AfricaRice
## Africa Rice Center
# Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice)
The [genebank of AfricaRice][africarice] is in Cotonou, Benin, where the centre had a temporary headquarters until late {==2015==}{>>Is it moving back to Abidjan?JC<<}. The collection contains close to 20,000 accessions, the vast majority of them (78%) _Oryza sativa_, Asian rice. Accessions of the African species _O. glaberrima_, however, which form 17% of the collections, are crucial to the breeding of varieties able to perform well under the conditions of sub-Saharan Africa.
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Date: 29 August 2016
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# CIAT
## International Center for Tropical Agriculture
## Centro Internacional de Agricoltura Tropical
# International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
[CIAT's genebank][ciat] in Cali, Colombia, lists almost 65,000 accessions in Genesys. The vast majority are seed crops, mainly beans, but CIAT also has a mandate to conserve cassava and tropical forages, and those too are held in the genebank. Almost 2000 of the accessions are wild relatives. Since 1980 CIAT has distributed more than 90,000 samples of 13,363 accessions to 110 countries.
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Date: 31 August 2016
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# CIMMYT
## International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
## Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo
# International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
[CIMMYT's genebank][cimmyt] in Texcoco, Mexico, primarily houses collections of maize and wheat. The [wheat collection][adobe], with about 140,000 accessions from 140 countries, is the largest in the world. The [maize collection][adobe 2] of 28,000 accessions includes the world's largest collection of maize landraces.
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Date: 31 August 2016
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# CIP
## International Potato Center
## Centro Internacional de la Papa
# International Potato Center (CIP)
The [CIP genebank][cipotato] in Lima, Peru, is responsible for potatoes and sweetpotatoes and other Andean roots and tubers. The entire collection at CIP is about 16,000 accessions. Genesys lists the 3000 accessions maintained *in vitro*, 2000 of potato and 1000 of sweet potato. About 63% of these are breeding material or advanced cultivars, while 37% are traditional cultivars or landraces.
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Date: 29 August 2016
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# ICARDA
## International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas
# International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA)
[ICARDA][icarda2] holds almost 150,000 accessions, largely of its mandate crops -- barley, wheat, food legumes and forage legumes -- and the _Rhizobium_ bacteria that enable legumes to fix nitrogen. About 21% of accessions are wild relatives, which are likely to [become increasingly important as sources of the genetic diversity][link to CWR project] needed to cope with challenges such as climate change. Just under 5% are traditional varieties or landraces.
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Date: 31 August 2016
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# ICRAF
## World Agroforestry Center
# World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF)
The [ICRAF genebank][worldagroforestry] in Nairobi, Kenya, conserves the diversity of a wide range of agroforestry tree species, most of which are a source of food or forage. Accessions are stored as seed and in field genebanks in the regions where ICRAF works.
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Title: icrisat 01
Author: Jeremy Cherfas
Date: 29 August 2016
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Author: Jeremy Cherfas
Date: 29 August 2016
Format: snippet
#ICRISAT
##International Centre for Research on Agriculture in the Semi-Arid Tropics
# International Centre for Research on Agriculture in the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
ICRISAT focuses on pulses and cereals, including millets, that are important for food security in the semi-arid areas of the world. The [main genebank collection][icrisat] is at the centre's headquarters in Hyderabad, India, and there are additional facilities in Niger, Kenya and Zimbabwe.
More than 123,000 accessions are listed in Genesys. Almost 50,000 of these are pulses of various kinds, mostly chickpea, pigeonpea and groundnut, and their wild relatives. Sorghum is the most common single species, with 39,000 accessions. There are about 33,000 accessions of various millets, including almost 23,000 of pearl millet.
Traditional cultivars and landraces make up the bulk of the holdings (80%) and about 14% are breeding and research lines. About 2% are wild relatives.
Traditional cultivars and landraces make up the bulk of the holdings (80%) and about 14% are breeding and research lines. About 2% are wild relatives.
ICRISAT helped to develop the idea of mini-core collections, a representative sample of about 1% of the accessions of a species, selected to help breeders find the traits they are interested in.
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Date: 30 August 2016
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# IITA
## International Institute for Tropical Agriculture
# International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
The [Genetic Resources Centre][iita] of IITA in Ibadan, Nigeria, maintains crops important for sub-Saharan Africa: banana, cassava and yam as tissue culture and field plants and bambara groundnut, cowpea, maize and sorghum, and a few miscellaneous legumes, as seed. Details of about 31,000 accessions are available through Genesys.
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Date: 30 August 2016
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# ILRI
## International Livestock Research Institute
# International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
[ILRI's genebank][ilri], which is responsible for forages and some dual-purpose crops, is housed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The collection is perhaps the most diverse in Genesys. The collection holds more than 1000 species and the 20 most numerous species account for well under a third (29%) of more than 20,000 accessions. Not surprisingly, the vast majority of the accessions (97%) are wild species rather than cultivars or landraces.
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Date: 31 August 2016
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# IRRI
## International Rice Research Institute
# International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
The [IRRI genebank][irri] in Los Baños, Philippines, holds the world's largest collection of rice diversity, with more than 127,000 accessions of cultivated rice and wild relatives. About 38% of the accessions are traditional cultivars or landraces, 11% are breeding materials or advanced cultivars and 3% are wild relatives. (Most of the rest are "not classified".) IRRI has distributed about 130,000 samples to 75 countries.
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