Commit 5769da98 authored by Matija Obreza's avatar Matija Obreza
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Title: banana 01
Author: Jeremy Cherfas
Date: 21 September 2016
Format: snippet
Author: Jeremy Cherfas
Date: 21 September 2016
Format: snippet
#Banana
##*Musa* spp
# Banana
## *Musa* spp
Banana is one of the most ancient fruit crops. It originated in Southeast Asia and the Pacific region and is believed to have first been domesticated more than 7000 years ago. East and Central Africa are secondary centres of domestication and diversity.
......@@ -21,4 +21,4 @@ About 11% of the accessions listed in Genesys are wild relatives. While the frui
[cirad]: http://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/press-releases/2012/sequencing-of-the-banana-genome
[goo]: https://goo.gl/bWhDVz
[promusa]: http://www.promusa.org/Vitamin+A+in+banana
[southgreen]: http://banana-genome-hub.southgreen.fr
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[southgreen]: http://banana-genome-hub.southgreen.fr
Title: barley 01
Author: Jeremy Cherfas
Date: 21 September 2016
Format: snippet
Author: Jeremy Cherfas
Date: 21 September 2016
Format: snippet
#Barley
##*Hordeum* spp
# Barley
## *Hordeum* spp
Barley was first domesticated in the area called the Fertile Crescent, where its wild progenitor *Hordeum vulgare* subsp. *spontaneum* still grows. Other centres of diversity of cultivated barley are found in Ethiopia and Morocco and parts of Asia. Wild relatives are distributed widely in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas.
Barley was first domesticated in the area called the Fertile Crescent, where its wild progenitor *Hordeum vulgare* subsp. *spontaneum* still grows. Other centres of diversity of cultivated barley are found in Ethiopia and Morocco and parts of Asia. Wild relatives are distributed widely in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas.
The importance of barley as one of the original staple cereals is reflected in the number of accessions in Genesys: [more than 176,000](https://goo.gl/95A238). Most of the accessions in Genesys are advanced material, including released cultivars and research lines. About 22% are traditional varieties and landraces. Accessions are widely distributed, with the largest collection holding only a third of the listed accessions.
Barley is grown from arctic latitudes to tropical areas and from sea level to high altitudes. In Tibet, Nepal, Ethiopia and the Andes, farmers cultivate barley on the mountain slopes at elevations higher than any other cereals. Barley predominates in the dry lands of North Africa, the Middle East, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Eritrea and Yemen.
With such a widespread distribution, and with diverse uses that include human food, animal feed and as a raw material for alcoholic beverages, barley is the fourth most important cereal in the world.
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With such a widespread distribution, and with diverse uses that include human food, animal feed and as a raw material for alcoholic beverages, barley is the fourth most important cereal in the world.
Title: beans 01
Author: Jeremy Cherfas
Date: 22 September 2016
Format: snippet
Author: Jeremy Cherfas
Date: 22 September 2016
Format: snippet
#Beans
##*Phaseolus* spp
# Beans
## *Phaseolus* spp
Beans of the genus *Phaseolus*, like all pulses, are an important source of protein for many people around the world. In sub-Saharan Africa, more than 200 million people depend on beans as their most important staple. Beans are grown for their green leaves (often fed to livestock), and immature pods and seeds, but it is the dry seeds -- which are nutritious and store well -- that are the primary end product.
The most important crops globally are the common bean, *P. vulgaris*, and the runner or kidney bean, *P. coccinea* with *P. lunatus*, the lima bean, and *P. acutifolius*, the tepary bean, playing a locally important role in the Americas.
......@@ -16,4 +16,4 @@ Of the major food crops, beans, and especially common beans, are among the most
{==NB Why are there 4 accessions for Vigna? And 1 of Macroptilium?==}
[goo]: https://goo.gl/hTMS5p
[cgiar]: https://ciat.cgiar.org/crops/bean
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[cgiar]: https://ciat.cgiar.org/crops/bean
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